It's easy to think you know everything there is to know about maintaining your car, but you may be missing some vital components hiding under your bonnet.
While a good car service centre will take care of any problems you have under the hood, it's still a good idea to get to grips with your car's engine and a few other components you may be unfamiliar with.
The different configurations have pros and cons in regard to manufacturing cost and operating smoothness.
Also contained within the engine are intake and exhaust valves, which open to let air and fuel in and get rid of exhaust. Spark plugs are also vital to ensure the engine runs correctly, as they supply the spark that ignites the air/fuel mixture at just the right time in order for combustion to occur.
Fitting into the mix are piston rings, which provide a seal between the piston and the cylinder wall. The rings slide with the piston, and help stop the combustion chamber's air/fuel mixture leaking into the oil sump during compression and combustion. They also keep the oil confined below the combustion chamber so that it doesn’t get burnt up during the combustion process.
There's a connecting rod, or conrod, to connect the piston to the crankshaft, which is then connected to the gearbox via an input shaft.
The conrod can rotate at both ends, shifting angles as the crankshaft rotates and piston moves up and down.
Brake fluid will only work if it is in liquid form and not so hot that it has vaporised, which can result in brake failure and ultimately an accident.
The fluid can work as a lubricant of moving parts and may prevent corrosion.
Brake fluid is hygroscopic, which means it attracts and soaks up water. If you think there's a problem with your brake fluid, get in touch with the team at Motorama, who are experts in car servicing.
Pressure changes in the ATF are what triggers the transmission to switch gears.
It's generally advised by manufacturers that car owners change their ATF and filter every 32,000 - 40,000km.This is because many driving conditions, including stop-start driving, towing heavy loads, long distance driving and driving up and down steep inclines, can cause transmission fluid to overheat and break down.
This means your transmission can have difficulty shifting gears.
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